Posted August 2, 2011 by manager. Predators can have a limiting or regulating e˚ect on mule deer populations. A new state amendment gives Utah wildlife managers broader control over killing black bear, mountain lions and other predators to save Mule Deer. Drought, habitat degradation, reproduction, water distribution, and predator density are factors affecting mule deer … Do mule deer have a good sense of smell? While there are many predators working against mule deer, their age-old enemies of the coyote, bobcat, mountain lion and wolf have mule deer on guard from the moment they’re born. A Little History. By Todd A. As an obligate carnivore, meat is a necessity for its diet. Some thoughts on the delicated predator prey relationship. Mule deer can detect slight predator movement up to 600 meters away, but they are not very good at detecting motionless forms. Habitat of the Mule Deer As such, it favors munching on various deer species, such as the white-tailed deer, mule deer, elk, even the moose. The first Estes Valley settlers in the early 1860's found a moderately abundant mule deer numbers. Mule deer are prey for many large predators of western North America. Its basic biology, a predator that kills and eats its prey impacts that animal and may to some extent impact the population of an area. Mule Deer vs. the predator, What happening? NPS. The cougar is a generalist predator, one that will eat any animal it catches – whether it’s big or small. A growing population of people, predators and the often harsh elements took huge numbers of the animals. Deer are often the victims of various types of predator out there in the wild. Predators rarely attempt to attack adult deer, but prefer to hunt old, young, or sick animals. Jaguar However, predator-prey dynamics are complex and the effect on prey populations is often an interaction of predator life history, climate, prey density, and hahitat quality. However, In the western U.S. and Canada, those predators are primarily mountain lions, coyotes, and bobcats, although black bears, wolves, grizzly bears, and feral dogs will also take mule deer. Rattle Their Cage: Mule deer enjoy a good fight as much as any whitetail. Factors affecting mule deer populations. In today’s age, one might think we have a handle on the predator-prey relationship of the mule deer and their many enemies. The effect of predator removal on ungulate and, more specifically, mule deer {Odocoileus hemionus) populations has not heen adequately investigated at a management Black. 3. Mule deer populations are calculated by Texas Parks and Wildlife biologists through 945 miles of aerial transects and 393 miles of spotlight surveys. Mule Deer History. 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