Online at UNC North Carolina Collection: https://library.unc.edu/wilson/photos/north-carolina-civil-war-image-portfolio/, "North Carolina Civil War Images. From the beginning of the Civil War, several thousand North Carolinians, especially those living in the state’s coastal and mountain regions, remained loyal to the United States and resisted the Confederacy’s control over the state.  At least 10,000 white and an additional 5,000 black North Carolinians joined Union army units and fought against the Confederacy.  Thousands more North Carolinians refused to be conscripted into Confederate military service or to support the state’s war effort by paying taxes or contributing material.  In 1864, William Woods Holden sought election to governor on a peace platform, which proposed that North Carolina abandon the Confederacy and negotiate terms to end the state’s participation in the war.  North Carolina’s wartime governors, John W. Ellis, Henry Toole Clark, and Zebulon Vance, struggled to suppress both political dissent and outright resistance to the Confederacy.  Tensions between Unionists and Confederate forces culminated in two infamous mass killings.  The first occurred in late January or early February of 1863 in Madison County, where members of the 64th North Carolina infantry killed thirteen citizens of the county suspected of being Unionists and deserters from the Confederate Army.  A year later in February 1864, Major General George E. Pickett hanged twenty-two North Carolinians captured fighting for the Union after they had deserted the Confederacy. Since May 2011, we have been offering monthly stories about the ongoing human drama of the Civil War in North Carolina from 1861-1865.I say “we” because, while I have written the series, my work has depended on the help of a talented and well-schooled cadre of professional historians, archivists, historic-site interpreters, and citizens across the state who have shared with me their ancestors’ letters, diaries, photographs, and other artifac… Thank you for visiting NCpedia. (Family History Library book 975.6 A3n; film 908225 item 2.) The prison was the only one of its kind in North Carolina, and overcrowding and poor prison conditions led to the deaths of many Union prisoners of war. North Carolina Civil War Image Portfolio: Prints and Photographs. Though the state had officially joined the Confederacy, North Carolinians remained divided over whether to support the Union or Confederate war efforts throughout the Civil War.  A large proportion of the state’s white population supported the Confederacy; of the approximately 150,000 white men in North Carolina between the ages of 15 and 49 when the Civil War began, almost 125,000 (or more than 80 percent) served in the Confederate Army at some point during the war.  Over the course of the war, 24,000 of these men deserted their military units.  These numbers only partly reveal the extent of Confederate loyalty in North Carolina, however.  In 1862, the Confederate national government passed the first in a series of conscription acts, requiring that physically able men of military age serve in the army.  While many of North Carolina’s Confederate soldiers volunteered for service because of a personal commitment to the Confederate cause, others joined the army under threat of imprisonment or death if they refused.  Whether they volunteered or were conscripted, North Carolina’s Confederate troops suffered heavily during the Civil War: between 33,000 and 35,000 died in battle, of wounds, or of disease between 1861 and 1865. ), 94 Printed below bar scale: Engineer Bureau, January 1865. LC Civil War Maps (2nd ed. The Civil War (also known as the War Between the States) between 1861 and 1865 was the most divisive period in U.S. history. The 11th North Carolina Infantry in the Civil War: A History and Roster - Kindle edition by William Thomas Venner. https://www.ncmuseumofhistory.org/exhibits/civil-war. This historical account covers the 25th Regiment North Carolina Infantry Troops during the Civil War. of Cultural Resources. The war in Western North Carolina was a Civil War within the greater Civil War, and Watauga County felt the brunt. North Carolina troops, 1861-1865: a roster. The Union-occupied territories in the State provided the United States with valuable ports and land. Private Eben Smith, Co. A, 11th Maine Volunteersm was wounded at Deep Bottom, Va., by a conoidal ball on Aug. 16, 1864. Most of the state’s major military actions occurred during this phase of the war, including the battles in the Cape Fear region, the fall of Wilmington and Sherman’s Carolinas Campaign. Here goes… The Union Army numbered in excess of 2,100,000 soldiers, making it nearly double the size of the Confederate Army. Gilmer Civil War Maps Collection. Most citizens had been born in North Carolina and farmed for a living. North Carolina - North Carolina - The Civil War and Reconstruction: Unlike South Carolina, whose strident proslavery voices led the South into secession, North Carolina left the Union reluctantly, seeking compromise until the last moment. CIVIL WAR SOLDIERS AND SAILORS SYSTEM; North Carolina Battles from Dyer's Compendium. The state provided more men (133, 905) for the Confederate cause, than any other state. Raleigh, N.C., & the Civil War. Asheville had a population of 1,100 in 1860 and was the largest city in western North Carolina.During the Civil War (1861-1865) it hosted an armory, which manufactured Enfield type rifles until 1863, several prisons, as well as some training camps and fortifications. National Park Service, The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System, is searchable by soldier's name and state. https://www.flickr.com/photos/north-carolina-state-archives/sets/72157623124354569/. The North and the South clashed over the issue of slavery throughout the 1850s, and the conflict soon boiled over into Civil War. Online at https://library.unc.edu/wilson/digital-collections/. The American Civil War was fought between the United States of America and the Confederate States of America, a collection of eleven southern states that left the Union in 1860 and 1861. The first phase encompasses the period of time from North Carolina’s secession until the late spring or early summer of 1862. Originally known as the Hall of History when it was first established in 1902, the North Carolina Museum of History is a premier destination for Civil War buffs. Grand Army of the Republic (GAR) [edit | edit source] Military actions in North Carolina during the Civil War can be divided into three phases. Hide in a piece of history. You may also find the Civil War Digital Collection (http://digital.ncdcr.gov/cdm/search/collection/p15012coll8) on North Carolina Digital Collections (http://digital.ncdcr.gov/) useful. Are there dairies/letters of day to day life of NC citizens during this time period w It was the second-to-last state to leave the Union.  While seven states from the Deep South seceded as a direct result of Abraham Lincoln’s election to the presidency, North Carolina joined Virginia, Tennessee, and Arkansas in initially choosing to remain within the Union.   After Confederate forces in Charleston, South Carolina fired on the Federal garrison at Fort Sumter in April 1861, however, the state’s position changed dramatically.  When Lincoln called for 75,000 volunteer soldiers to crush the rebellion of the southern states that had seceded, North Carolina opted to become one of the eleven states of the Confederacy rather than fight against its neighboring states. https://www.ncdcr.gov/about/special-programs/civil-war-sesquicentennial, http://digital.ncdcr.gov/cdm/search/collection/p15012coll8. North Carolina Collection, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. 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